What are recycled plastic pellets?

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Recycled plastic pellets have become a global trend in the context of the environment and consumer health being given top priority. What is recycled plastic? How many types are there? And how are they applied? EuroPlas's article below will answer those 3 questions in detail.

1. Definition of recycled plastic pellets

Recycled Plastic Particles is the product of the process of recycling waste products from primary plastic particles after a long period of use.
In other words, plastic waste will be classified and go through the process of crushing, cleaning, heating and pressing into fibers to produce recycled plastic (Recyle Plastic Paricles). Because of its origin, the price of recycled plastic beads will be 5 - 10% cheaper than other virgin plastics.

Plastic industry associations also commented that: "Recycled plastics are considered the perfect alternative to disposable plastics. They are the result of effective investment in modern recycling technology in countries. In particular, recycled plastics will directly impact the environmental situation as well as consumer health."

Therefore, recycled plastic is divided into 6 different types and meets many fields of heavy industry. Refer to the next section for detailed information!

2. How many types of recycled plastic beads are there?

Currently, there are 5 types of recycled plastic pellets commonly used on the market, specifically as follows:

  1. HDPE recycled plastic

  2. PP recycled plastic

  3. PE recycled plastic

  4. PVC recycled plastic

  5. ABS recycled plastic

Even though the 5 types have different properties, they are still manufactured according to the policies of the World Plastics Association:

2.1 HDPE recycled plastic

HDPE recycled plastic is recycled from plastic containers, pipes/drainage pipes, fiber optic cable pipes, plastic bottles of all kinds as well as plastic household items, etc. The input materials for this type of plastic are very easy to find and available. The price is very cheap.

HDPE recycled plastic pellets are used to produce plastic bottles, household appliances, packaging, etc. They will replace traditional single-use plastics. Therefore, HDPE recycled plastic has hard durability, flexibility in production as well as stable temperature resistance.

2.2 PP recycled plastic

This is the most common type of recycled plastic. According to EuroPlas's research and experience, they have 5 specific superior characteristics as follows:

  1. PP recycled plastic has good hardness and almost no change in shape after long processing.

  2. The permeability, gas and oil resistance of PP glass fiber is also always at a good level. They are produced completely pure, without chemicals or additives. That is why they are used in the medical industry.

  3. Recycled plastic is not only durable but can also withstand temperatures of nearly 200 degrees Celsius. They are also used in heavy industries.

2.3 PE recycled plastic

To produce PE recycled plastic that meets international standards, manufacturers must use industrial coating films and plastic bags.
Therefore, PE recycled plastic granules will have an opaque white color and two specific characteristics: Sustainable physical properties as well as flexibility (toughness) in a variety of environments.

Besides, this type of plastic will not have an odor that affects health and is very easy to decompose. Manufacturers use PE recycled plastic for specific products such as: wrapping film, plastic packaging or water blowing pipes.

2.4 PVC recycled plastic

The origin of PVC recycled plastic comes from 3 main components: PVC plastic products, glass panels and electrical wires. In addition, manufacturers will adjust the amount of additives depending on the level and needs of use.

There will be 4 common types of prosthetics combined with PVC recycled plastic, specifically as follows:

  1. Plastic additives absorb UV rays.

  2. Hygroscopic plastic additives.

  3. Anti-fog plastic additives.

  4. Flame retardant plastic additives.

All of these additive products are sold at EuroPlas! Please take a few minutes to visit our website. Currently, PVC recycled plastic has 4 clear characteristics as follows:

  1. PVC recycled plastic has weaker water resistance than PE and PP plastic. Comparative conditions are that all three materials are affected by humidity or water for long periods of time.

  2. The characteristics of PVC recrystallized plastic beads are hardness and quite brittle. they will not be as flexible as PE or PP plastic.

  3. PVC recycled plastic pellets have good electrical conductivity thanks to a resistivity coefficient greater than 1013 Ω.cm.

  4. PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) is a highly elastic plastic made from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (CH2=CHCl). Therefore, the structure also ensures wear resistance and resistance to strong chemicals.

Overall, there are 5 popular types of recycled plastic on the market. In the context of countries placing emphasis on policies to limit plastic waste, recycled plastic has become one of the most popular plastic materials of the 22nd century. In the next section, EuroPlas will send you specific examples. about the application of recycled plastic pellets.

3. Application of recycled plastic pellets

Recycled plastic pellets go through a harsh production process from many input sources of waste materials. That's why they meet most of the requirements of heavy industries. As follows:

3.1 Construction Industry

Thanks to its durable properties over time and minimising the impact of strong acids, PE recycled plastic is used to produce heat-resistant pipes and drainage pipes for large projects.

Besides, recycled plastic is combined with concrete to enhance compression, heat resistance and abrasion resistance properties. For large projects, manufacturers can further fine-tune the amount of hardness additives to ensure safety and quality as much as possible.

The road surface coating is also combined with PET recycled plastic granules. They not only help increase surface durability, heat resistance, and deformation under high temperatures, but also minimize CO2 emissions into the environment.

3.2 Household appliances

HDPE recycled plastic pellets are often used in the field of household appliances because their input materials are also used in household plastic materials.
In addition, HDPE recycled plastic does not discolour and has stable surface hardness. Therefore, they are able to withstand impacts and have a large load capacity.

Household appliances are also often exposed to hot and humid environmental conditions, this is also well solved by HDPE recycled plastic because they can withstand fire up to more than 300 degrees Celsius.

3.3 Textile industry

PP and PVC recycled plastic pellets are resistant to moisture and chemicals at a stable level. Besides, these are also two types of recycled plastic that are cheap.

The next advantage is the ability to resist UV rays and oxidation thanks to the stable chemical structure. In particular, to increase basic properties, manufacturers can use anti-UV plastic additives or fire-resistant plastic additives.

The above characteristics prove to customers that PP and PVC recycled plastic pellets are very suitable in the textile industry so that brands can continue to spread "Green Style" to their customer groups.

3. Application of recycled plastic pellets

Recycled plastic pellets go through a harsh production process from many input sources of waste materials. That's why they meet most of the requirements of heavy industries. As follows:

3.1 Construction Industry

Thanks to its durable properties over time and minimising the impact of strong acids, PE recycled plastic is used to produce heat-resistant pipes and drainage pipes for large projects.

Besides, recycled plastic is combined with concrete to enhance compression, heat resistance and abrasion resistance properties. For large projects, manufacturers can further fine-tune the amount of hardness additives to ensure safety and quality as much as possible.

The road surface coating is also combined with PET recycled plastic granules. They not only help increase surface durability, heat resistance, and deformation under high temperatures, but also minimize CO2 emissions into the environment.

3.2 Household appliances

HDPE recycled plastic pellets are often used in the field of household appliances because their input materials are also used in household plastic materials.
In addition, HDPE recycled plastic does not discolour and has stable surface hardness. Therefore, they are able to withstand impacts and have a large load capacity.

Household appliances are also often exposed to hot and humid environmental conditions, this is also well solved by HDPE recycled plastic because they can withstand fire up to more than 300 degrees Celsius.

3.3 Textile industry

PP and PVC recycled plastic pellets are resistant to moisture and chemicals at a stable level. Besides, these are also two types of recycled plastic that are cheap.

The next advantage is the ability to resist UV rays and oxidation thanks to the stable chemical structure. In particular, to increase basic properties, manufacturers can use anti-UV plastic additives or fire-resistant plastic additives.

The above characteristics prove to customers that PP and PVC recycled plastic pellets are very suitable in the textile industry so that brands can continue to spread "Green Style" to their customer groups.

3.4 Electronic field

PVC plastic is used to produce electronic devices because the resistivity coefficient is greater than 1013 Ω.cm. During the production process, recycled plastic pellets are also combined with additives such as baking powder, thermostat and lubricant.

Besides, the thermal conductivity of PVC recycled plastic pellets is quite low, only about 0.13 W/m2/degree Celsius, so electronic components will not overheat during long periods of use. They not only protect the longevity of the product but also the safety of consumers.

EuroPlas has introduced to you the 4 most popular applications of bioplastic pellets on the market. If this is your first time reading a EuroPlas article, let us introduce ourselves in detail!

4. Introduction to EuroPlas

EuroPLas is proud to be one of the largest Filler Masterbatch manufacturers in the world and brings optimal bioplastic products to help businesses improve their competitive position in the market.

EuroPlas' mission is to provide optimal, environmentally friendly material solutions to contribute to increasing competitive advantages for businesses. Therefore, EuroPlas constantly strives to become the world's leading enterprise in the field of supplying plastic raw materials.

Currently, EuroPlas has 7 factories with a scale of dozens of hectares in 6 provinces and cities: Ha Nam - Yen Bai - Hai Phong - Nghe An - Long An and Ho Chi Minh City. The factories are equipped with modern production lines that meet European standards, so each year we are capable of supplying up to 0.8 million tons to meet the great demand of customers nationwide.

In addition, EuroPlas is also a strategic partner of thousands of factories in more than 95 countries globally. Established since 2007, EuroPlas has been proving its capabilities with a team of dedicated and professional personnel.

Behind a pioneering EuP with optimal material solutions is a team of leading experts and thousands of staff and technicians who work day and night to bring the best quality products to customers. The year 2023 marked an extremely important milestone for the entire EuroPlas team when it inaugurated its first factory in Egypt.

The above article mentioned the definition, characteristics and common applications of recycled plastic beads in life. Please continue to accompany EuroPlas to update the latest news about materials in general and bioplastics in particular.

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