Compare HDPE, MDPE, LDPE, and LLDPE masterbatch


Masterbatch plastic made from PE base resin is a common material in the plastic industry. In order to satisfy the dramatically increasing demands of using masterbatch plastic, manufacturers have paid a lot of effort into researching and establishing more advanced materials. LLDPE, LDPE, MDPE, and HDPE are the sub-group of the giant PE masterbatch family. This article aims to summarize and categorize some basic information and knowledge about these four masterbatches. Comparison between masterbatch plastic in HDPE, MDPE, LDPE and LLDPE base resin

1. Definitions of HDPE, MDPE, LDPE and LLDPE masterbatch

HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene), LDPE (Low-Density Polyethylene), MDPE (Medium Density Polyethylene), and LLDPE (Linear Low-Density Polyethylene) are plastic masterbatch that consist of the main ingredient is PE - Polyethylene base resin. PE is a polyolefin, which is a massive group in the polymer world. Besides PE, other members of this polyolefin group can be listed are polymethyl pentene, polypropylene, and polypropylene copolymer. The common feature of this group is all resins belonging to it have lower specific gravity compared to water.

The significant differences between these types of PE masterbatches basically come from the cellular structure of the compound, which affects how the molecules bonding with each other and how tightly the material is formed. 

2. The most and least commonly used masterbatch plastic in PE group

LDPE is the most common type of masterbatch plastic in the small group of PE plastic since it is extremely flexible and conforms to a wide variety of different materials. This type of masterbatch is widely applied in various fields such as agriculture and construction. However, there was an exited drawback this LDPE is not strong and dense as other types of plastic as well as easily punctured and teared under impacts. The group of LDPE and LLDPE accounted for approximately 35% of total polyolefin production in Western Europe with over 22 million tons annually.

In contrast to LDPE, MDPE masterbatches are the least common among all four types of masterbatch plastic. Regarding the physical properties, it performs an average in impact strength and stress crack. But on the other hand, the MDPE plastic master batch displays excellent chemical resistance. Comparison between masterbatch plastic in HDPE, MDPE, LDPE and LLDPE base resin

3. How LLDPE masterbatch plastic differ from the original LDPE?

LLDPE is popular for having a broad range of short branches. It is considered the blend form of LDPE in which the masterbatch is more flexible and pliable, has more tensile strength, and is more conformable in combination with other materials. Similar to LDPE, LLDPE appears naturally in form of a translucent or milky color mixture. The outstanding property that made LLDPE a state-of-the-art material among others is its excellent resistance to oxidization, UV light, and other natural environmental conditions.

Thanks to its structure, LLDPE also achieves extreme toughness and durability over other masterbatch plastic. It can withstand high impacts and puncture damage. That is the reason why plastic-based product manufacturers prefer using LLDPE masterbatch in applications such as trash cans, lightning, and planting products. 

4. The most rigid masterbatch plastic in PE resin family

As regards toughness, HDPE definitely won the first position in this criterion. It is the most rigid masterbatch plastic in the group of PE plastics with good impact strength and chemical resistance. These outstanding features benefited from the tight molecular structure of the plastic itself. Thus its softening point is the highest, approximately 125 - 135 Celcius degree.  it requires more energy to break these structures.

Moreover, thanks to these properties, HDPE masterbatches are considered the most suitable alternative for making secondary containment liners for oil tanks, industrial ponds, and canal liners where chemical resistance is a need. It is the most commonly used masterbatch plastic in the US market. This is also the one that expresses the best UV resistance even without adding anti-UV additives into the masterbatch manufacturing. HDPE masterbatch usually appears naturally in milky white or semi-translucent compounds depending on the molecule’s density. 

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